Peru consists of western arid coastal plains and deserts, the central sierra highlands, the Andes Mountains, and eastern lowlands with tropical rainforests that are part of the Amazon Basin. The country has a rapidly growing economy, largely fueled by exports from mining, agriculture, textiles, and manufacturing. However, approximately 30% of Peruvians live in poverty and 8% live in extreme poverty.
According to the Joint Monitoring Program, only 85% of people have access to improved water sources and 72% have access to adequate sanitation.
Water For People began its program in Peru in late 2008, selecting three rural municipalities: Cascas, La Libertad, and Tumbaden; Cajamarca, in northern Peru; and Majes, Arequipa, in southern Peru. Water For People–Peru later expanded its programming to include sustainable sanitation work in peri-urban Arequipa.