Straddling the equator in East Africa, Uganda shares borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, and Tanzania. More than 50 ethnic groups made of 36 million people share this country that borders Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile. Poverty is a huge challenge in this agricultural-based economy, but recent economic reforms have led to robust growth.
According to the most recent Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) Report by UNICEF and the World Health Organization (WHO), 95 percent of people in urban areas and 71 percent in rural areas have access to safe water. But only 34 percent of the population in both urban and rural areas are using improved sanitation facilities. Despite significant water infrastructure, a lack of strong operation and maintenance mechanisms means many systems are broken and no longer meet government standards for access, quantity, and quality.